What is Mucinous Adenocarcinoma of the Rectum / Mucinous Rectal Adenocarcinoma?
Mucinous adenocarcinoma of the rectum also called Mucinous Rectal Adenocarcinoma is a subtype of colorectal (colon and rectal) cancer that is the fourth leading cause of cancer death worldwide. It arises from glandular mucosal epithelial cells (a type of cells present in rectum) lining the last section of the colon adjacent to the rectum, with extracellular mucin deposition by tumor cells. It is more common in women than in men. The chances of cure with chemotherapy and radiotherapy are poor.
What is a Rectum?
The rectum is the lower part of the gastrointestinal tract. This is a continuation of the large intestine, which is connected to the anus at one end. The function of the rectum is to store feces, which are subsequently expelled from the body through the anus.
There is no well-known cause, but risk factors such as having anal warts, human papillomavirus infection, HIV infection, older age, male gender, cigarette smoking, poor dietary intake with low fiber, and having multiple sexual partners are considered risk factors for developing Mucinous Rectal Adenocarcinoma.
Signs and Symptoms
In most cases, the patient is asymptomatic and is only diagnosed at an advanced stage of cancer. Some initial warning signs and symptoms:
- Change in bowel habits, constipation, diarrhea, or more frequent urge to pass stool.
- Dark color stool due to the presence of blood in the stool
- Feeling as if the bowels are not empty after defecation.
- Bleeding from the anus
- Pain in the abdomen
- Un explained weight loss
The following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are
- Endoscopic examination of the anus, rectum, and large intestine. Endoscopy is a procedure that allows the doctor to visualize the internal organs of the body directly through the endoscope.
- Computed tomography (CT-pelvis) helps to differentiate squamous cell cancer of the rectum from anal cancer.
- Biopsy of the lesion/tumor and histopathological examination
Surgical removal of the tumor is the main treatment option. Other treatment options are chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
What Support can we Give for Mucinous Rectal Adenocarcinoma?
Mucinous Rectal Adenocarcinoma is rare cancer, meaning it is not as well known as other forms of cancer. Without a Ribbon is an Australian organisation that provides support for individuals who suffer from rare cancers. So, we provide a designated platform for Warriors to obtain information specific to their Rare Cancer. We also provide annual opportunities for our Warriors to meet and learn from each other. If you suffer from rare cancer such as Mucinous Rectal Adenocarcinoma, we can help and support you through your journey thanks to the generous donations we receive. Click the link below to sign up and become a Warrior today!
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Without a Ribbon is a charity that works hard to aid those who suffer from rare cancers. You can help our cause in a variety of ways: