What is Primary Clear Cell Carcinoma of the Prostate?Primary clear cell carcinoma of the prostate is a very rare type of cancer in males that resembles other types of kidney and prostate cancers. The marked symptoms of primary clear cell carcinoma of the prostate are the inability to complete emptying of the urinary bladder while urination, Presence of blood in the urine and urinary tract infection. It is a high-grade tumor that grows rapidly and spread to other distant parts of the body, it commonly spread to the lungs and bones. The metastasis of the tumor to the lymph nodes of the body is also common.
Disease CausesThere is no well-known cause, but certain risk factors such as cigarette smoking, excessive use of certain drugs, and heredity and genetic predisposition are thought to be responsible for the development of primary clear cell carcinoma of the prostate.
Signs and SymptomsThe patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Frequent need to pass urine (pee)
- Pain while passing urine
- Pain while ejaculating or sexual activity
- Blood in semen
- Urine dribbling (Leakage of urine while coughing or sneezing)
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic tests can be used to make a diagnosis, these are
- Digital Rectal Examination ( DRE)
- Imaging techniques like Pelvic-USG (ultrasonography), MRI, CT-Scan, and PET –scan to detect the size and extent of the tumor.
- Cystoscopy of the urinary bladder and the prostate
- PSA ( Prostate-specific antigen level)
- Trans-rectal needle biopsy
- Transurethral prostate resection