What is Adenocarcinoma of the Prostate?Adenocarcinoma of the prostate is a type of cancer that originates from the epithelial cells of the prostate gland that secrete mucus and prostate fluid; it is also known as glandular prostate cancer. It is the 2nd most common cancer in the United States. It is usually developed in people greater than 65 years of age.
Disease CausesThere is no well-known cause, but in 9% of cases, it occurs due to hereditary and genetic predisposition. In 2% of cases, the BRCA2 gene is associated with the early onset of prostate cancer. Early onset of prostate cancer in men occurs before the age of 55 years. A family history of 1st or 2nd-degree relatives with prostate cancer may increase the risk of developing prostate cancer.
Signs and SymptomsThe patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Frequent need to pass urine (pee)
- Pain while passing urine
- Pain while ejaculating or sexual activity
- Blood in semen
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic tests can be used to make a diagnosis, these are
- Digital Rectal Examination ( DRE)
- Imaging techniques like Pelvic-USG (ultrasonography), MRI, CT-Scan, and PET –scan to detect the size and extent of the tumor.
- PSA ( Prostate-specific antigen level)
- Trans-rectal needle biopsy
- Transurethral prostate resection