What is Mesenchymoma of the Mediastinum?
Mesenchymoma of the mediastinum is a rare type of benign germ cell tumour. Germ cell tumours are the tumours that originate from the reproductive cells (egg and sperm). Most of the germ cells occur in the testis or ovaries. However, some types of germ cell tumours such as mesenchymoma can occur in the brain, abdomen and chest. Mesenchymoma of the mediastinum (chest) are very rare other common sides of development of mesenchymoma are kidneys, surrounding sides of the kidneys, mouth, stomach, intestines and breast. Usually, these tumours are benign but can produce symptoms of pressure on underlying organs.
What is Mediastinum?
The mediastinum is a space in the thorax that contains the heart, thymus gland, portions of the esophagus trachea, and other structures.
There is no well-known cause, however, certain hereditary and genetic mutations are considered responsible for the development of benign mesenchymoma of the mediastinum.
Signs and Symptoms
The patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Difficulty in breathing
- Pain in the chest
- Unexplained weight loss
The following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are;
- Imaging techniques like Chest X-ray, CT-scan, MRI, and PET scan to see the site, size, and extent of the tumor.
- Tumour biopsy (tumour biopsy to remove a small sample of tissue for histopathological examination)
- Sputum cytology
- USG-guided fine needle aspiration cytology
Surgical resection of the tumour is the main treatment.
What Support can we Give for Mesenchymoma of the Mediastinum?
Mesenchymoma of the Mediastinum is rare cancer, meaning it is not as well known as other forms of cancer. Without a Ribbon is an Australian organisation that provides support for individuals who suffer from rare cancers. So, we provide a designated platform for Warriors to obtain information specific to their Rare Cancer. We also provide annual opportunities for our Warriors to meet and learn from each other. If you suffer from rare cancer such as Mesenchymoma of the Mediastinum, we can help and support you through your journey thanks to the generous donations we receive. Click the link below to sign up and become a Warrior today!
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Without a Ribbon is a charity that works hard to aid those who suffer from rare cancers. You can help our cause in a variety of ways: