What is Myxoma of the Mediastinum?Mediastinal myxoma is a rare type of tumor that originates from the mesenchymal cells of the mediastinum. The most common sites for the development of myxoma are muscle wall of the heart, but they can also occur in the skin, bone, somatic soft tissues, chest and other sites of the body. Heart myxoma tumors are account for 30-50% of all cardiac heart tumors Mediastinal myxoma usually does not spread to other parts of the body, but in rare cases it can spread to nearby soft tissues, bones, and the head and neck region. Mediastinal myxoma tends to recur after complete surgical removal, so follow-up is necessary even after surgery.
What is Mediastinum?The mediastinum is a space in the thorax that contains the heart, thymus gland, portions of the esophagus trachea, and other structures.
Disease CausesThere is no well-known cause, however, certain hereditary and genetic mutations are considered responsible for the development of mediastinal myxoma.
Signs and SymptomsThe patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Difficulty in breathing
- Pain in the chest
- Unexplained weight loss
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are;
- Imaging techniques like Chest X-ray, CT-scan, MRI, and PET scan to see the site, size, and extent of the tumor.
- Tumor biopsy (tumor biopsy to remove a small sample of tissue for histopathological examination)
- Sputum cytology
- USG-guided fine needle aspiration cytology