What is a Meningioma?
A meningioma is a tumor of the meninges. The meninges are the three layers of membrane that cover the brain and spinal cord. These membranes provide support and blood supply to the brain, spinal cord, and skull. Meningiomas are low-grade tumors. These are low-grade tumors. Low-grade tumors are tumors that did not grow rapidly and did not spread to distant parts of the body.
What is Malignant Meningioma?
Usually, meningiomas are benign, but in some cases, they are malignant (cancerous). Malignant meningiomas are cancers of the meninges of the brain that grow rapidly and spread to other distant parts of the body.
Disease Etiology (Causes)
There is no well-known cause. However certain genetic mutations (changes in genes), exposure to radiations and radiation therapy, and neurofibromatosis type 2 are the possible risk factors behind the development of atypical meningioma.
Atypical meningioma is more common in men. The average age of atypical meningioma development is 60 years, the risk of developing the disease increases with age. It is more common in black people than in whites and Asians.
Signs and Symptoms
The symptom of oligodendroglioma depends on the site of origin and size of the tumor. The patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Seizures (Fits)
- Body weakness
- Numbness of the body
- Problems with balance and movement
- Behavior changes
- Changes in personality
The following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are
- Imaging tests such as X-Ray, CT-scan (computerized tomography), PET-scan (Positron emission tomography) help detect the site, size, and location of the tumor.
- Tumor biopsy and histopathological examination
In early stage, surgical removal of the brain tumor is the main treatment option. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy are the main treatment options for advanced cases of malignant meningioma of the brain. In some asymptomatic cases, the patient is only under regular follow-up with brain and spinal cord scans and may not need treatment.
What Support can we Give for Malignant Meningioma?
Malignant Meningioma is a rare cancer, meaning it is not as well known as other forms of cancer. Without a Ribbon is an Australian organisation that provides support for individuals who suffer from rare cancers. So, we provide a designated platform for Warriors to obtain information specific to their Rare Cancer. We also provide annual opportunities for our Warriors to meet and learn from each other. If you suffer from rare cancer such as Malignant Meningioma we can help and support you through your journey thanks to the generous donations we receive. Click the link below to sign up and become a Warrior today!
You can help us with your donation:
Without a Ribbon is a charity that works hard to aid those who suffer from rare cancers. You can help our cause in a variety of ways: