What is Pineoblastoma of the Brain?
Pineoblastoma is a high-grade tumour that develops from the pineal gland of the brain. The pineal gland is a pea-sized mass of tissue that is present in the brain and secretes hormones. A high-grade tumor is a tumor that grows rapidly and spreads to other distant parts of the body. This is the type of cancer that occurs most often in children.
Disease Etiology (Causes)
There is no well-known cause, however, certain genetic mutations(faulty changes in the healthy genes) are responsible for the development of pineoblastoma.
Pineal tumours are the most aggressive tumors and make approximately 24-50% of pineal tumors. It is slightly more common in females than in males.
Signs and Symptoms
The patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Hydrocephalus (excess fluid buildup in the brain resulting in enlarge the appearance of the head)
- Nausea and vomiting
- Involuntary eye movements
The following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are
- Imaging tests such as X-Ray, CT-scan (computerized tomography), PET-scan (Positron emission tomography) help detect the site, size, and location of the tumour.
- Tumour biopsy and histopathological examination
In early stage, surgical removal of the brain tumour is the main treatment option. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy are the main treatment options for advanced cases of pineoblastoma.
What Support can we Give for Pineoblastoma of the Brain?
Pineoblastoma of the Brain is a rare cancer, meaning it is not as well known as other forms of cancer. Without a Ribbon is an Australian organisation that provides support for individuals who suffer from rare cancers. So, we provide a designated platform for Warriors to obtain information specific to their Rare Cancer. We also provide annual opportunities for our Warriors to meet and learn from each other. If you suffer from rare cancer such as Pineoblastoma of The Brain we can help and support you through your journey thanks to the generous donations we receive. Click the link below to sign up and become a Warrior today!
You can help us with your donation:
Without a Ribbon is a charity that works hard to aid those who suffer from rare cancers. You can help our cause in a variety of ways: