What is Pineoblastoma of The Brain?Pineoblastoma is a high-grade tumor that develops from the pineal gland of the brain. The pineal gland is a pea-sized mass of tissue that is present in the brain and secretes hormones. A high-grade tumor is a tumor that grows rapidly and spreads to other distant parts of the body. This is the type of cancer that occurs most often in children.
Disease Etiology (Causes)There is no well-known cause, however, certain genetic mutations(faulty changes in the healthy genes) are responsible for the development of pineoblastoma.
Disease EpidemiologyPineal tumors are the most aggressive tumors and make approximately 24-50% of pineal tumors. It is slightly more common in females than in males.
Signs and SymptomsThe patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Hydrocephalus (excess fluid buildup in the brain resulting in enlarge the appearance of the head)
- Nausea and vomiting
- Involuntary eye movements
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are
- Imaging tests such as X-Ray, CT-scan (computerized tomography), PET-scan (Positron emission tomography) help detect the site, size, and location of the tumor.
- Tumor biopsy and histopathological examination