What is Lymphoma of the Cervix?Lymphoma of the cervix or cervical lymphoma is a rare type of malignant tumour that originates from the cervix in females. It is a very rare type of tumour and accounts for approximately less than 1% of all lymphomas of the cervix. It usually develops in middle age females between the ages of 40-59 years.
Disease CausesThere is no well-known cause.
What is Cervix?The cervix is the lower part of the uterus; it is cylinder-shaped and connects the uterus with the vagina in the female body.
Signs and SymptomsThe common signs and symptoms are:
- Bleeding from the vagina after sexual intercourse
- Abnormal bleeding from the vagina between the two menstrual cycles
- Pain in the pelvic region or lower part of the abdomen during the sexual intercourse
- Pain while passing urine
- Pain during sex
- Pain in the back
DiagnosisFollowing diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make the diagnosis. These are
- Complete blood count ( CBC)
- Serum tumour markers
- Pap smear
- Imaging techniques like ultrasonography (USG), CT-scan, MRI, and X-Ray to detect the site, size, and extent of the tumour.
- Pelvic examination through per-speculum examination of the vagina, cervix, and ovaries. A speculum is a gynecological instrument used to visualize the vaginal wall, cervix, uterus, and ovaries to detect any abnormality.