What is Intralobular Acinar Carcinoma of the Prostate?Intralobular acinar carcinoma of the prostate is a rare type of tumor that develops in the gland cells that make up the lining of the prostate and prostate ducts. The glandular cells of the prostate produce prostatic secretions. The prostatic fluid is made up of fluids from which semen is produced, which is necessary for the life of spermatozoa (sperms). It is a high-grade tumor that grows rapidly and spread to other distant parts of the body, it commonly spread to the lungs and bones. The metastasis of the tumor to the lymph nodes of the pelvis is also common.
Disease CausesIntralobular acinar carcinoma of the prostate is the common cause of prostate cancer and account for approximately 5% of all prostate cancers. There is no well-known cause, but certain risk factors such as cigarette smoking, excessive use of certain drugs, and heredity and genetic predisposition are thought to be responsible for the development of intralobular acinar carcinoma of the prostate.
Signs and SymptomsThe patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Frequent need to pass urine (pee)
- Pain while passing urine
- Pain while ejaculating or sexual activity
- Blood in semen
- Urine dribbling (Leakage of urine while coughing or sneezing)
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic tests can be used to make a diagnosis, these are
- Digital Rectal Examination ( DRE)
- Imaging techniques like Pelvic-USG (ultrasonography), MRI, CT-Scan, and PET –scan to detect the size and extent of the tumor.
- Cystoscopy of the urinary bladder and the prostate
- PSA ( Prostate-specific antigen level)
- Trans-rectal needle biopsy
- Transurethral prostate resection