What is Embryonal Carcinoma of the Testis?
Embryonal carcinoma of the testis is a rare and aggressive form of testicular cancer that originates from germ cells. These are the cells responsible for producing sperm. While it can occur at any age, it’s most common in young and middle-aged adults. It accounts for around 2-3% of all germ cell tumours in the testis.
Symptoms of embryonal carcinoma of the testis can include:
- A lump in the testicle
- Testicular pain or discomfort
- Swelling of the testicles
- A feeling of heaviness in the scrotum
Disease Aetiology (Causes)
The exact cause of embryonal carcinoma of the testis is not known. Certain risk factors have been identified for testicular cancer overall, including having a family history of the disease, having an undescended testicle, or having had abnormal development of the testicles.
The diagnosis of embryonal carcinoma of the testis typically involves:
- Detailed medical history and physical examination
- Ultrasound of the scrotum to visualise the internal structures of the testicles
- Blood tests for tumour markers that are often elevated in testicular cancer
- A biopsy, where a small sample of testicular tissue is removed and examined under a microscope
The treatment for embryonal carcinoma of the testis often includes:
- Surgery: The primary treatment for embryonal carcinoma of the testis is surgical removal of the affected testicle, a procedure known as orchiectomy.
- Chemotherapy: This is often used after surgery to kill any remaining cancer cells and to treat advanced or metastasised cases.
- Radiation therapy: This may be used in certain cases, especially if the cancer has spread to the lymph nodes.
What Support can we Give for Embryonal Carcinoma of the Testis?
Embryonal Carcinoma of the Testis is rare cancer, meaning it is not as well known as other forms of cancer. Without a Ribbon is an Australian organisation that provides support for individuals who suffer from rare cancers. So, we provide a designated platform for Warriors to obtain information specific to their Rare Cancer. We also provide annual opportunities for our Warriors to meet and learn from each other. If you suffer from rare cancer such as Embryonal Carcinoma of the Testis, we can help and support you through your journey thanks to the generous donations we receive. Click the link below to sign up and become a Warrior today!
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