What is Choriocarcinoma of the Spinal Cord?Choriocarcinoma is a rare type of germ cell (sex cell) cancer that develops due to the abnormal growth of trophoblastic cells during the embryonic life of the fetus. Trophoblastic cells are the cell that makes a thin layer of cells that helps the embryo to attach to the wall of the uterus of the mother also protects the developing embryo and forms part of the placenta.
Disease CausesThere is no known cause, but certain hereditary genetic mutations and environmental factors, such as the use of specific medications during pregnancy, can contribute to the abnormal development of trophoblastic cells that would normally become the placenta and ultimately lead to the development of choriocarcinoma of the spinal cord. Choriocarcinoma of the spinal cord usually affects females.
Signs and SymptomsThe patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Pain in the back
- Altered states of consciousness
- Weakness in one or both sides of the body
- Numbness in arms and legs
- Difficulty in walking and writing, loss of voluntary control of muscles
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are;
- Imaging techniques like Chest X-ray, CT-scan, MRI, and PET scan to see the site, size, and extent of the tumour.
- Tumour biopsy (tumour biopsy to remove a small sample of tissue for histopathological examination)
- USG-guided fine needle aspiration cytology