What is Chondrosarcoma of the Spinal Cord?Chondrosarcoma of the spinal cord is the 3rd most common cartilaginous tumour of the spinal cord, accounting for up to 10% of all bone tumours. These are low-grade tumours that usually arise from pre-existing cartilage lesions in some other bone in the body. Chondrosarcoma of the spinal cord more commonly develops in the thoracic (chest part of the spinal cord) region of the spinal cord. It is slightly predominant in males as compared to females.
Disease CausesThere is no well-known cause, however, certain hereditary and genetic mutations are considered responsible for the development of chondrosarcoma of the spinal cord. Moreover, prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays, certain chemicals, ionizing radiation or poor diet, and prolonged stressful conditions can trigger these hereditary and genetic tendencies that are responsible for the development of chondrosarcoma of the spinal cord.
Signs and SymptomsThe patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Constant feeling of tiredness
- Pain in the back
- Pain in the neck region of the back
- Altered level of consciousness
- Weakness in one or both sides of the body
- Numbness of the arms and legs
- Difficulty in walking and writing
- Hoarseness of voice
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are;
- Imaging techniques like Chest X-ray, CT-scan, MRI, and PET scan to see the site, size, and extent of the tumour.
- Tumour biopsy (tumour biopsy to remove a small sample of tissue for histopathological examination)
- USG-guided fine needle aspiration cytology