What is Well-differentiated Fetal Adenocarcinoma (Lung)?
Well-differentiated Fetal Adenocarcinoma (Lung) is a rare lung tumour having tumour glands and tubules. Well-differentiated lung adenocarcinoma mimics fetal lung at 3-4 months of pregnancy.
Disease Etiology (Causes)
There is no definite well-known cause. However, certain genetic mutations (alteration or deletion in normal genes or chromosomes) and long-term cigarette smoking, prolonged exposure to silica dust, asbestos, radon gas, and other chemicals are potential risk factors for the development of adenocarcinoma lung.
It is a subtype of adenocarcinoma (lung cancer) of the lung. It accounts for 0.1-0.5% of all lung cancer cases. It is slightly more prevalent in older men who smoke for a long time.
Signs and Symptoms
The patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Chest pain
- Difficulty in breathing (shortness of breath)
- Blood with sputum
- Coughing up blood
In advanced cases, the patient may also suffer from systemic or generalized symptoms such as
- Generalized body weakness or lethargy
- Night sweats
- Unexplained weight loss
- Loss of appetite
The following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are;
- Imaging techniques like Chest X-ray, CT-scan, MRI, and PET scan to see the site, size, and extent of the tumour.
- Tumour biopsy ( lung tumour biopsy to remove a small sample of lung tissue for histopathological examination)
- Sputum cytology
- USG guided fine needle aspiration cytology
Treatment options include surgical resection of the tumour, Chemotherapy, Radiotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy. Surgery is the main option; all patients with stages I and 2 well-differentiated fetal adenocarcinoma lungs should undergo surgical resection of the tumour (complete removal of the tumour along with the removal of some surrounding healthy tissues) with adjuvant chemo or radiation therapy. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy should be considered in advance metastatic cases of cancer.
What Support can we Give for Well-differentiated Fetal Adenocarcinoma (Lung)?
Well-differentiated Fetal Adenocarcinoma (Lung) is a rare cancer, meaning it is not as well known as other forms of cancer. Without a Ribbon is an Australian organisation that provides support for individuals who suffer from rare cancers. So, we provide a designated platform for Warriors to obtain information specific to their Rare Cancer. We also provide annual opportunities for our Warriors to meet and learn from each other. If you suffer from rare cancer such as Well-differentiated Fetal Adenocarcinoma (Lung), we can help and support you through your journey thanks to the generous donations we receive. Click the link below to sign up and become a Warrior today!
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Without a Ribbon is a charity that works hard to aid those who suffer from rare cancers. You can help our cause in a variety of ways: