What is Verrucous Carcinoma?
Verrucous carcinoma is a slow-growing, uncommon locally invasive cancer with minimal metastatic capacity. Metastasis is the spread of cancer cells through the bloodstream to new organs or parts of the body from their site of origin. Verrucous cancer most often develops in the mouth, larynx (voice box), anus, genital area, and the inner surface of the foot.
Disease Etiology (Causes)
The scientific literature indicates that tobacco smoking, poor oral hygiene, alcohol consumption, and chewing snuff are the main causes of verrucous cancer. It is sometimes called snuff dippers cancer. Other causes and risk factors are certain gene mutations, chronic irritation or inflammation, and chewing betel nuts.
Verrucous carcinoma predominantly affects men with an average age of 50, but it can also occur in individuals between the ages of 18 and 86. It is more common among the white population. The epidemiological description of oral verrucous carcinoma is tabulated in a scientific study named “oral verrucous carcinoma”, which consists of a detailed distribution of oral verrucous carcinoma by sex, age, and oral location.
Signs and Symptoms
- It is a solid lesion looks like cauliflower which originates from the outer surface of the affected region or organ.
- Solid lesion white in colour
- It is an invasive lesion and can quickly invade the bones at the cancer site.
- If the verrucous tumour develops in the mouth it can cause difficulty in chewing
- Pain in tumour
- Enlarged and painful lymph nodes
The following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are
- CT-scan and MRI can be performed to check the site, size, and extent of the tumour.
- Skin biopsy to identify the type of tumour
Surgery is the main treatment option. Surgical removal of the tumour with adjuvant radiation therapy is considered a treatment option for advanced invasive cases of verrucous cancer.
What Support can we Give for Verrucous Carcinoma?
Verrucous Carcinoma is a rare cancer, meaning it is not as well known as other forms of cancer. Without a Ribbon is an Australian organisation that provides support for individuals who suffer from rare cancers. So, we provide a designated platform for Warriors to obtain information specific to their Rare Cancer. We also provide annual opportunities for our Warriors to meet and learn from each other. If you suffer from rare cancer such as Verrucous Carcinoma, we can help and support you through your journey thanks to the generous donations we receive. Click the link below to sign up and become a Warrior today!
You can help us with your donation:
Without a Ribbon is a charity that works hard to aid those who suffer from rare cancers. You can help our cause in a variety of ways: