What is Testicular Choriocarcinoma?
Choriocarcinoma of the testicles is a rare tumour of the testicle that arises from the spermatozoa that are present in the testes in men and grow to form sperm. It may be benign and malignant. Distant metastases (spread to distant parts or organs of the body) are more likely for testicular cancer, and the most common sites are the lungs, spleen, adrenal glands, brain, stomach, and intestines.
Testicular cancer is a rare tumour, accounting for only 1-2% of all cancers in men. It mainly affects males between the ages of 15 and 35, but it can develop at a later age.
Disease Etiology (Causes)
There is no well-known cause, however certain genetic mutations, trauma, or damage to the testicles, exposure to maternal estrogen in the mother’s womb, mumps, and congenital undescended testis are all contributing factors.
Signs and Symptoms
The patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Symptoms in the testicular area are mild, but in the case of metastases to the lungs, the patient may suffer from dry cough and coughing up blood, which is noted in many testicular choriocarcinomas.
- Development of breast in males is also a sign of testicular choriocarcinoma
The following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are
- Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)
- Human chorionic gonadotropin (B-HCG)
- LFT’s (Liver function tests)
- Imaging tests like scrotal ultrasonography (USG), CT-scan testis, CT-scan abdomen, CT scan chest, and brain to detect the tumour size, site and metastasis.
The main treatment options are the surgical removal of the testis (orchidectomy), few abdominal lymph nodes, and chemotherapy.
What Support can we Give for Testicular Choriocarcinoma?
Testicular Choriocarcinoma is a rare cancer, meaning it is not as well known as other forms of cancer. Without a Ribbon is an Australian organisation that provides support for individuals who suffer from rare cancers. So, we provide a designated platform for Warriors to obtain information specific to their Rare Cancer. We also provide annual opportunities for our Warriors to meet and learn from each other. If you suffer from rare cancer such as Testicular Choriocarcinoma, we can help and support you through your journey thanks to the generous donations we receive. Click the link below to sign up and become a Warrior today!
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Without a Ribbon is a charity that works hard to aid those who suffer from rare cancers. You can help our cause in a variety of ways: