What is Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Colon?
Squamous cell carcinoma of the colon is a rare and aggressive form of colon cancer. It originates from the squamous cells, which are flat cells that can form in the lining of the digestive tract, though they are more commonly found in the skin or other organs. In the colon, this type of cancer is unusual because the majority of colon cancers are adenocarcinomas, which arise from glandular cells.
Symptoms of squamous cell carcinoma of the colon can be similar to other forms of colorectal cancer and may include:
- Changes in bowel habits, such as constipation or diarrhea.
- Abdominal pain or discomfort.
- Blood in the stool or rectal bleeding.
- Unexplained weight loss.
- Fatigue and general weakness.
- In advanced stages, symptoms may include abdominal distention or bloating.
Disease Aetiology (Causes)
The specific cause of squamous cell carcinoma of the colon is not well understood. Factors that may contribute to its development include chronic inflammation, infection, or irritation of the colon. There may also be a link with underlying conditions such as inflammatory bowel diseases (Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis) or previous radiation therapy.
Diagnosing squamous cell carcinoma of the colon involves:
- Colonoscopy: To visually inspect the colon and obtain biopsy samples.
- Imaging Studies: Such as CT scans, MRI, or PET scans to assess the extent of the cancer and check for metastasis.
- Biopsy: Histological examination of the tissue sample is essential for a definitive diagnosis.
- Blood Tests: To assess overall health and look for markers of cancer.
Treatment for squamous cell carcinoma of the colon typically includes:
- Surgery: The primary treatment method, aiming to remove the cancerous portion of the colon and nearby lymph nodes.
- Chemotherapy and Radiation Therapy: These treatments may be used in conjunction with surgery, particularly in advanced cases or when complete surgical removal isn’t possible.
- Targeted Therapy: In cases where specific genetic mutations are identified, targeted therapies may be employed.
What support can we give for Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Colon?
Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Colon is a rare cancer, meaning it is not as well-known as other forms of cancer. Without a Ribbon is an Australian organisation that provides support for individuals who suffer from rare cancers. So, we provide a designated platform for Warriors to obtain information specific to their Rare Cancer. We also provide annual opportunities for our Warriors to meet and learn from each other. If you suffer from rare cancer such as Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Colon, we can help and support you through your journey thanks to the generous donations we receive. Click the link below to sign up and become a Warrior today!
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Without a Ribbon is a charity that works hard to aid those who suffer from rare cancers. You can help our cause in a variety of ways: