What is Small Cell Carcinoma of the Rectum?
Small cell carcinoma of the rectum is a rare type of cancer that originates from the neuroendocrine cells of the rectum. Neuroendocrine cells are the cells that have characteristics of the nerve and hormone-producing cells. It is a rare cancer that account for approximately 0.2% of all types of rectal cancers. The cancer has the tendency to metastasized (spread from its site of origin to the other distant parts of the body) to lungs, liver, lymph nodes and bones. Small cell carcinoma of the rectum shows poor prognosis even if diagnosed at an early stage. The mean age for the development of disease is 51 years. It is more common in males than females.
What is a Rectum?
The rectum is the lowest part of the large intestine which is close to the anus.
There is no well-known cause, but several hereditary and genetic mutations are considered responsible for the development of small cell carcinoma of the rectum.
Sign and Symptoms
- Pain in the lower part of the abdomen
- Unintentional weight loss
- Felt able mass or tumor in the abdomen
- Bleeding from the rectum
- Bleeding with stool
- Difficulty in the passing stool due to the blockage of intestines by cancer cell
- Pain while passing urine
The following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are
- Ultrasound (USG) of the abdomen
- Endoscopic examination of the anus, rectum, and large intestine. Endoscopy is a procedure that allows the doctor to visualize the internal organs of the body directly through the endoscope.
- Computed tomography (CT-pelvis) helps to differentiate squamous cell cancer of the rectum from anal cancer.
- Biopsy of the lesion/tumor and histopathological examination
- Barium Meal
Surgical removal of the tumor is the main treatment option. Other treatment options are chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and targeted immunotherapy.
What Support can we Give for Small Cell Carcinoma of Rectum?
Small Cell Carcinoma of Rectum is rare cancer, meaning it is not as well known as other forms of cancer. Without a Ribbon is an Australian organisation that provides support for individuals who suffer from rare cancers. So, we provide a designated platform for Warriors to obtain information specific to their Rare Cancer. We also provide annual opportunities for our Warriors to meet and learn from each other. If you suffer from rare cancer such as Small Cell Carcinoma of Rectum, we can help and support you through your journey thanks to the generous donations we receive. Click the link below to sign up and become a Warrior today!
You can help us with your donation:
Without a Ribbon is a charity that works hard to aid those who suffer from rare cancers. You can help our cause in a variety of ways: