What is rectal squamous cell carcinoma?It is a rare cancer of the gastrointestinal tract. Our gastrointestinal system is consisting of the food pipe, stomach, small intestine, large intestines, rectum, and anus. Rectal squamous cell carcinoma usually involves the rectum followed by the right colon (right-sided large intestine).
Disease EpidemiologyIt is an extremely rare cancer and makes only 0.10 to 0.25 per 1000 colorectal cancer. It mostly affects individuals between the ages of 39 to 93 years. The mean age at the diagnosis of the disease is 57 years. It is slightly more common in females than in males.
Disease EtiologyThere is no well-known cause, however, an association is observed between the gastrointestinal inflammatory, infectious and parasitic diseases such as ulcerative colitis, Schistosomiasis, Entamoeba histolytica, and Human papillomavirus.
Signs and symptomsIn most cases, the patient is asymptomatic and is only diagnosed at an advanced stage of cancer. Some initial warning signs and symptoms:
- Change in bowel habits, constipation, diarrhea, or more frequent urge to pass stool.
- Dark colour stool due to the presence of blood in the stool
- Feeling as if the bowels are not empty after defecation.
- Pain in the abdomen
- Un explained weight loss
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are
- Endoscopic examination of the anus, rectum, and large intestine. Endoscopy is a procedure that allows the doctor to visualize the internal organs of the body directly through the endoscope.
- Computed tomography (CT-pelvis) helps to differentiate squamous cell cancer of the rectum from anal cancer.
- Biopsy of the lesion/tumour and histopathological examination
TreatmentSurgical removal of the tumour is the main treatment option. Other treatment options are chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
What Support can we Give for Rectal Squamous Cell Carcinoma?Rectal Squamous Cell Carcinoma is a rare cancer, meaning it is not as well known as other forms of cancer. Without a Ribbon is an Australian organisation that provides support for individuals who suffer from rare cancers. So, we provide a designated platform for Warriors to obtain information specific to their Rare Cancer. We also provide annual opportunities for our Warriors to meet and learn from each other. If you suffer from rare cancer such as Rectal Squamous Cell Carcinoma, we can help and support you through your journey thanks to the generous donations we receive. Click the link below to sign up and become a Warrior today!
You can help us with your donation:Without a Ribbon is a charity that works hard to aid those who suffer from rare cancers. You can help our cause in a variety of ways:
Donations — Without a Ribbon is grateful when we receive every donation. Giving to Without a Ribbon helps us to provide ongoing support, organise the annual gathering and subsidise the costs of our Warriors attending these conferences.
Sponsorship — If you wish to sponsor our charity, please contact us using this form.
Volunteering — We are always looking for volunteers to help with different aspects of running our charity. So, if you are looking for volunteer work, please feel free to contact us.