What is Pineocytoma (spinal cord)?
Pineocytoma (spinal cord) is a rare type of benign (non-cancerous) tumour that originates from the uncontrolled division or multiplication of parenchymal cells that make up the pineal gland of the brain. The pineal gland is a gland that is found in the centre of the brain and releases melatonin, a hormone that plays role in the body’s sleep-wake cycle.
Pineocytoma (spinal cord) develops as a result of metastasis (spread of a tumour from its place of origin to other parts of the body) of tumour cells from the brain to the spinal cord and is more common in adults. One of the important reasons for the metastasis of pineocytoma is the seeding of tumour cells during surgery. Pineocytoma tumour of the brain cells also spreads through cerebrospinal fluid to the spinal cord. Cerebrospinal fluid is a fluid made up of tissues. It protects and provides nourishment to the cells of the brain and spinal cord. Spinal cord pineocytoma is a rare tumour that most often develops in people aged 30–40 years, with an average age of 38 years.
Pineocytoma of the spinal cord is a rare type of tumour and account for less than 1% of brain and spinal cord tumour. There is no well-known cause, however, certain hereditary and genetic mutations are considered responsible for the development of pineocytoma (spinal cord).
Signs and Symptoms
The patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Eye movement difficulty
- Walking difficulty
- Unable to maintain balance
The following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are;
- Imaging techniques like Chest X-ray, CT-scan, MRI, and PET scan to see the site, size, and extent of the tumour.
- Tumour biopsy (tumour biopsy to remove a small sample of tissue for histopathological examination)
- USG-guided fine needle aspiration cytology
Radiotherapy is the main treatment option for spinal cord tumours because it preserves the neurological functions of the spinal cord. Other treatment options are chemotherapy and surgical removal of the treatment.
What Support can we Give for Pineocytoma (Spinal Cord)?
Pineocytoma (Spinal Cord) is rare cancer, meaning it is not as well known as other forms of cancer. Without a Ribbon is an Australian organisation that provides support for individuals who suffer from rare cancers. So, we provide a designated platform for Warriors to obtain information specific to their Rare Cancer. We also provide annual opportunities for our Warriors to meet and learn from each other. If you suffer from rare cancer such as Pineocytoma (Spinal Cord), we can help and support you through your journey thanks to the generous donations we receive. Click the link below to sign up and become a Warrior today!
You can help us with your donation:
Without a Ribbon is a charity that works hard to aid those who suffer from rare cancers. You can help our cause in a variety of ways: