What is Penile Lymphoma?
It is a very rare cancer and accounts for approximately 1% of all cancers of the penis in the United States. The penis is the male reproductive and genital organ. It reaches its full size with the onset of puberty. In addition to the sexual function, it performs the function of urination.
Disease Etiology (Causes)
There is no known cause. However, a history of sexually transmitted diseases, trauma, and certain medications are risk factors for developing penile lymphoma.
Signs and Symptoms
The patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Masses or lumps in the shaft of the penis
- Frequent urge to pass urine
- Difficulty in passing urine
- Pain while passing urine
- Ulcer on the penis
- Abnormal discharge from the penis
- Swelling and enlargement of the pelvic lymph nodes
- Pain in the abdomen
- Night sweats
- Weight loss
The following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are
- Imaging tests, such as computed tomography CT-scan, MRI, and PET scans, to examine the location, size, and extent of the tumor.
- Complete blood count (CBC)
- Liver function test (LFT’s)
- Renal functional test (RFT’s)
- Urine complete examination to rule out certain infections which may be the cause of penile lymphoma
- Immunohistochemistry tests
- Biopsy of the cancerous mass or lump and its histopathological examination
Treatment options vary according to the types of cancer cells, their size, and the extent of the tumor. Surgical resection (removal of the tumor along with some marginal healthy tissues of the affected organ) of the tumor is the main treatment option, while in advanced cases partial amputation (surgical removal) of the penis along with radiation and chemotherapy is the main treatment option.
What Support can we Give for Penile Lymphoma?
Penile Lymphoma is a rare cancer, meaning it is not as well known as other forms of cancer. Without a Ribbon is an Australian organisation that provides support for individuals who suffer from rare cancers. So, we provide a designated platform for Warriors to obtain information specific to their Rare Cancer. We also provide annual opportunities for our Warriors to meet and learn from each other. If you suffer from rare cancer such as Penile Lymphoma we can help and support you through your journey thanks to the generous donations we receive. Click the link below to sign up and become a Warrior today!
You can help us with your donation:
Without a Ribbon is a charity that works hard to aid those who suffer from rare cancers. You can help our cause in a variety of ways: