What is Penile Lymphoma?It is a very rare cancer and accounts for approximately 1% of all cancers of the penis in the United States. The penis is the male reproductive and genital organ. It reaches its full size with the onset of puberty. In addition to the sexual function, it performs the function of urination.
Disease Etiology (Causes)There is no known cause. However, a history of sexually transmitted diseases, trauma, and certain medications are risk factors for developing penile lymphoma.
Signs and SymptomsThe patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Masses or lumps in the shaft of the penis
- Frequent urge to pass urine
- Difficulty in passing urine
- Pain while passing urine
- Ulcer on the penis
- Abnormal discharge from the penis
- Swelling and enlargement of the pelvic lymph nodes
- Pain in the abdomen
- Night sweats
- Weight loss
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are
- Imaging tests, such as computed tomography CT-scan, MRI, and PET scans, to examine the location, size, and extent of the tumor.
- Complete blood count (CBC)
- Liver function test (LFT’s)
- Renal functional test (RFT’s)
- Urine complete examination to rule out certain infections which may be the cause of penile lymphoma
- Immunohistochemistry tests
- Biopsy of the cancerous mass or lump and its histopathological examination