What is Squamous Cell Carcinoma Of The Parotid Gland?Parotid gland squamous cell cancer is a rare malignant cancer. Malignant cancer is a cancer that grows and spread rapidly in different parts of the body. Despite good treatment options the prognosis (the likely course of the disease) of the squamous cell carcinoma of the parotid gland is poor.
What is Parotid Gland?There is a pair of salivary glands on each side of the face and in front of the ears. These glands are called the parotid glands. The parotid glands secrete saliva, which lubricates food and helps break it down.
Disease Etiology (Causes)There is no exact well- known cause. However, certain genetic mutations, cigarette smoking and recurrent ear or teeth infections can cause parotid gland adenocarcinoma.
Disease EpidemiologyIt is a rare cancer of the parotid gland. The mean age for the development of squamous cell carcinoma of the parotid gland is 64 years. It is comparatively more common in men than in women. The five-year survival rate with treatment is 25-30% of all reported cases.
Signs and SymptomsThe patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- A growing mass or nodule in the front of the ear that can develop on either the right side of the face or the left.
- Usually, the lump or nodule is painless, hard, but not attached to the surface, and may move under the skin when trying to move
- It can also involve facial nerves and can cause facial palsy (paralysis)
- Swelling and enlargement of the jaws and collar bone lymph nodes
DiagnosisThe following tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are
- A physician will do a physical examination of the jaws, face, neck, and throat to find out the lumps or masses and their nature.
- Imaging tests such as MRI, CT-scan, Or PET scan to find out the site, size, and extent of the tumor
- Fine needle aspiration biopsy and histopathological examination to rule out the type of cancer cells