What is Oligoastrocytoma of the Brain?
Oligoastrocytoma is a type of brain tumor that results from the rapid proliferation of astrocytoma and oligodendrocyte cells. These cells usually protect and support nerve cells. It usually develops in people between the ages of 30 and 50. These are low-grade tumors. Low-grade tumors are tumors that did not grow rapidly and did not spread to distant parts of the body. Oligoastrocytomas tend to recur, and surgical removal of the tumor is the main treatment option for recurrent oligoastrocytoma of the brain. The survival rate is higher in younger patients.
Disease Etiology (Causes)
There is no exact well-known cause; however certain genetic mutations (alteration in genes) and exposure to certain radiations or radiation therapy are the risk factors for the development of oligoastrocytoma brain.
Signs and Symptoms
The symptom of oligodendroglioma depends on the site of origin and size of the tumor. The patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Seizures (Fits)
- Body weakness
- Numbness of the body
- Problems with balance and movement
- Behavior changes
- Changes in personality
The following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are
- Imaging tests such as X-Ray, CT-scan (computerized tomography), PET-scan (Positron emission tomography) help detect the site, size, and location of the tumor.
- Tumor biopsy and histopathological examination
In early stage, surgical removal of the brain tumor is the main treatment option. Radiation therapy and chemotherapy are the main treatment options for advanced cases of the oligoastrocytoma brain tumors. In some asymptomatic cases, the patient is only under regular follow-up with brain and spinal cord scans and may not need treatment.
What Support can we Give for Oligoastrocytoma?
Oligoastrocytoma is a rare cancer, meaning it is not as well known as other forms of cancer. Without a Ribbon is an Australian organisation that provides support for individuals who suffer from rare cancers. So, we provide a designated platform for Warriors to obtain information specific to their Rare Cancer. We also provide annual opportunities for our Warriors to meet and learn from each other. If you suffer from rare cancer such as Oligoastrocytoma we can help and support you through your journey thanks to the generous donations we receive. Click the link below to sign up and become a Warrior today!
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Without a Ribbon is a charity that works hard to aid those who suffer from rare cancers. You can help our cause in a variety of ways: