What is Oligoastrocytoma Of The Brain?Oligoastrocytoma is a type of brain tumor that results from the rapid proliferation of astrocytoma and oligodendrocyte cells. These cells usually protect and support nerve cells. It usually develops in people between the ages of 30 and 50. These are low-grade tumors. Low-grade tumors are tumors that did not grow rapidly and did not spread to distant parts of the body. Oligoastrocytomas tend to recur, and surgical removal of the tumor is the main treatment option for recurrent oligoastrocytoma of the brain. The survival rate is higher in younger patients.
Disease Etiology (causes)There is no exact well-known cause; however certain genetic mutations (alteration in genes) and exposure to certain radiations or radiation therapy are the risk factors for the development of oligoastrocytoma brain.
Signs and SymptomsThe symptom of oligodendroglioma depends on the site of origin and size of the tumor. The patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Seizures (Fits)
- Body weakness
- Numbness of the body
- Problems with balance and movement
- Behavior changes
- Changes in personality
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are
- Imaging tests such as X-Ray, CT-scan (computerized tomography), PET-scan (Positron emission tomography) help detect the site, size, and location of the tumor.
- Tumor biopsy and histopathological examination