What is Myxoid Sarcoma?Myxoid sarcoma or myxoid liposarcoma is a type of cancer that arises from deep tissue fat cells. Myxoid liposarcoma usually develops in the arms, legs, and trunk but can develop anywhere in the body. These are usually painless, slow-growing tumors that affect middle-aged people.
Disease EtiologyThere is no well-known cause, but a prior history of trauma or trauma is a risk factor for the development of a tumor in the affected area in the future.
Disease EpidemiologyThe annual incidence worldwide is 2.5 cases per million populations. In the United States, about 5,000 cases of myxoid sarcoma are reported annually. It is slightly more prevalent in men than in women. The average age at diagnosis is 50 years. It is very rare in children.
Signs and SymptomsSigns and symptoms depend upon the location of the tumor.
- Most of the small myxoid tumors are painless
- Large myxoid tumors can cause pain or disturbance in the function of the organ.
- In the abdomen, it shows symptoms when it becomes large and can produce symptoms of pain in the abdomen, nausea, vomiting, weight loss, and fever.
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic techniques and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis these are
- Diagnostic imaging techniques such as USG, CT-scan, MRI, and PET scan can be used to detect the site, size, and extent of the tumor.
- Tumor biopsy
- Histo-pathological examination