What is Mediastinal Schwannoma?Mediastinal schwannoma is a rare type of benign tumour arising from neural sheath cells of the mediastinum’s peripheral or cranial autonomic nerves. It accounts for 9% of all mediastinal tumors.
What is Mediastinum?The mediastinum is a space in the thorax that contains the heart, thymus gland, portions of the esophagus trachea, and other structures.
CausesThere is no reasonable cause; however certain hereditary and genetic mutations such as Carney complex, neurofibromatosis type 2, and inflammation of schwannoma cells can cause mediastinal schwannoma.
Signs and SymptomsThe patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Pain in the chest
- Difficulty in breathing
- Persistent cough
- Mass in the chest
- Coughing up blood or spitting up blood
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are;
- Imaging techniques like Chest X-ray, CT-scan, MRI, and PET scan to see the site, size, and extent of the tumour.
- Tumour biopsy (tumour biopsy to remove a small sample of tissue for histopathological examination)
- Sputum cytology