What is Malignant Epithelioid Mesothelioma of Lung?
Malignant epithelioid mesothelioma is a subtype of pulmonary (lung) mesothelioma that arises from epithelial cells that form the inner lining of the airways, that is, the trachea, bronchi, and bronchioles. Malignant epithelial mesothelioma of the lung occurs when asbestos fibres and dust are inhaled over a long period of time. It accounts for 50-70% of all lung cancer cases. The average survival of patients after the diagnosis of malignant mesothelioma of the lung is 18 months.
What is Malignant Mesothelioma of Lung?
Malignant epithelioid mesothelioma of the lung is a type of lung cancer that arises from a thin layer of tissues that forms the outer lining or layer of most of the body’s internal organs. In case of lungs and chest cavity, this mesothelial layer is called the pleura, or pleural membrane, which covers the lungs and chest cavity.
Malignant epithelioid mesothelioma of the lung is caused by exposure to a substance called asbestos. When a person inhales asbestos fibres over a long period of time, it can accumulate in the lining of the lungs and cause mesothelioma lung cancer.
Signs and Symptoms
The patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Persistent dry cough
- Shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing
- Pleural effusion (it is a condition in which excessive fluid accumulates between the lung and its outer membranes)
- Pain in the chest
The following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are;
- Imaging techniques like Chest X-ray, CT-scan, MRI, and PET scan to see the site, size, and extent of the tumor.
- Tumour biopsy ( lung tumour biopsy to remove a small sample of lung tissue for histopathological examination)
- Sputum cytology
- USG-guided fine needle aspiration cytology
Treatment Treatment options include surgical resection of the tumour, Chemotherapy, Radiotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy. Surgery is the main option, all patients with stages I carcinoma of the lung should undergo surgical resection of the tumour (complete removal of the tumour along with the removal of some surrounding healthy tissues). Chemotherapy and radiotherapy should be considered in advance cases of cancer.
What Support can we Give for Malignant Epithelioid Mesothelioma of Lung?
Malignant Epithelioid Mesothelioma of Lung is rare cancer, meaning it is not as well known as other forms of cancer. Without a Ribbon is an Australian organisation that provides support for individuals who suffer from rare cancers. So, we provide a designated platform for Warriors to obtain information specific to their Rare Cancer. We also provide annual opportunities for our Warriors to meet and learn from each other. If you suffer from rare cancer such as Malignant Epithelioid Mesothelioma of Lung, we can help and support you through your journey thanks to the generous donations we receive. Click the link below to sign up and become a Warrior today!
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