What is Ganglioglioma of the Brain?Ganglioglioma is a rare brain tumour that usually develops in the temporal lobes of children and young adults and grows slowly. There are four main lobes in the brain, and the temporal lobes are lobes located in the skull next to the ear. The function of the temporal lobe is to process auditory information (related to the sense of hearing) and encode memory. Brain ganglioglioma is usually benign. They can develop anywhere in the brain and spinal cord, but most often develops in the temporal lobe and cause temporal lobe epilepsy.
Disease EpidemiologyThese are rare brain tumours, accounting for approximately 1% of all brain and spinal cord tumours. Some childhood genetic disorders, named neurofibromatosis 1 and tuberous sclerosis, have a greater potential for brain ganglioglioma to develop. They most often affect children and younger populations. It is slightly more common in men than in women.
Disease Etiology (Causes)There is no well-known cause of the gangliogli0ma brain. Some childhood genetic disorders, named neurofibromatosis 1 and tuberous sclerosis, have a greater potential for brain ganglioglioma to develop.
Signs and symptomsThe patient of ganglioglioma may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- One-sided body weakness
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are
- (Computerized tomography) CT-scan
- PET scan