What is a Carcinoid Tumor of the Small Intestine?
Carcinoid tumor of the small intestine is a type of cancer that arises from the uncontrolled growth of the cells that make up the inner lining or wall of the small intestine. Most carcinoid tumor of the small intestine is a low-grade tumor that grows slowly. The small intestine lies between the stomach and the large intestine named as colon. It helps to further digest the food that comes from the stomach and also helps in the absorption of nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, fats, and proteins from food back into the blood.
There is no well-known cause; however, certain hereditary and genetic mutations, along with certain risk factors such as physical inactivity, cigarette smoking, low-fiber dietary intake, female gender, increasing age, and gluten allergy, are factors that contribute to the development of carcinoid tumor of the small intestine. Specific illnesses including multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) syndrome, atrophic gastritis, pernicious anemia, and Zollinger Ellison Syndrome in any family member are additional potential risk factors.
Signs and Symptoms
The patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Pain in the abdomen
- Loss of appetite
- Blood in vomiting
- Dark color stool due to the presence of blood in stool
- Obstruction of the intestine which appears as a sign and symptom of protruding abdomen, bloating of the abdomen, cramps in the abdomen, severe constipation, and loss of appetite
- In advanced stages of the disease, the patient may suffer from unexplained weight loss, constant fever, and fatigue
The following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are
- Ultrasound (USG) of the abdomen
- Endoscopic examination of the anus, rectum, small intestine, and large intestine. Endoscopy is a procedure that allows the doctor to visualize the internal organs of the body directly through the endoscope.
- Computed tomography (CT-pelvis) helps to differentiate the types of cells involved in cancer
- Biopsy of the lesion/tumor and histopathological examination
- Barium Meal
Surgical removal of the tumor (cancer part of the small intestine) is the main treatment option. Other treatment options are chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and targeted immunotherapy.
What Support can we Give for Carcinoid Tumor of the Small Intestine?
Carcinoid Tumor of the Small Intestine is rare cancer, meaning it is not as well known as other forms of cancer. Without a Ribbon is an Australian organisation that provides support for individuals who suffer from rare cancers. So, we provide a designated platform for Warriors to obtain information specific to their Rare Cancer. We also provide annual opportunities for our Warriors to meet and learn from each other. If you suffer from rare cancer such as Carcinoid Tumor of the Small Intestine, we can help and support you through your journey thanks to the generous donations we receive. Click the link below to sign up and become a Warrior today!
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Without a Ribbon is a charity that works hard to aid those who suffer from rare cancers. You can help our cause in a variety of ways: