What is Anaplastic Oligodendroglioma?Anaplastic oligodendroglioma is a tumour originating from oligodendrocytes of the brain and spinal cord. Oligodendrocytes are cells that form a protective sheath around the cells of the nervous system, thus providing protection and allowing electrical impulses to pass through the nerve cells. These electrical impulses send messages to the brain to different parts of the body to perform different actions.
Disease CausesThere is no well-known cause, however, certain hereditary and genetic mutations are considered responsible for the development of anaplastic oligodendroglioma.
Signs and SymptomsThe sign and symptoms depend upon the site, size, and extent of the tumour. The common signs and symptoms are.
- Repeated or constant headache
- Seizures (sudden uncontrolled changes in movements, feelings, or level of consciousness)
- Mood and personality changes
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are
- Imaging tests such as X-Ray, CT-scan (computerized tomography), PET-scan (Positron emission tomography) help detect the site, size, and location of the tumour.
- Complete blood count (CBC)
- Lumbar Puncture
- Tumour biopsy and histopathological examination