What is Anaplastic Ependymoma of the Spinal Cord?Anaplastic Ependymoma is a rare type of cancer of the brain and spinal cord that develop due to the abnormal growth of a particular type of glial cells called ependymal cells of the brain and spinal cord. Glial cells are the support cells of the brain and spinal cord that provides a protective sheath to the nerve cell making the lining of the ventricles of the brain and the nutrition to the nerve cells of the brain and spinal cord. Anaplastic ependymoma of the spinal cord is a slow-growing tumor and usually develops in adults.
Disease CausesThere is no well-known cause; however, having a genetic disorder named neurofibromatosis type 2 can cause anaplastic ependymoma of the spinal cord.
Signs and SymptomsThe symptoms of anaplastic ependymoma of the spinal cord depend upon the site, size, and extent of the tumor. Most of the symptoms develop due to the increased pressure of the tumor on the deep and nearby parts of the brain. Anaplastic astrocytoma of the spinal cord develops over a prolonged period but grows rapidly. The common symptoms are
- Constant headache
- Constant feeling of tiredness
- Altered level of consciousness
- Blurred vision
- Difficulty in walking and writing
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are;
- Imaging techniques like Chest X-ray, CT-scan, MRI, and PET scan to see the site, size, and extent of the tumor.
- Tumor biopsy (tumor biopsy to remove a small sample of tissue for histopathological examination)
- Sputum cytology
- USG-guided fine needle aspiration cytology