What is Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the Cervix?
Adenoid cystic carcinoma of the cervix is a rare type of aggressive tumour originating from the cervix. It usually develops in older, multiparous females of black ethnicity. It develops in women aged 27-86 years. It shows a poor prognosis (likely course of the disease). It has a tendency to recur and metastasise (It is the spread of the tumour from its site of origin to other distant parts of the body).
What is the Cervix?
The cervix is the lower part of the uterus; it is cylinder-shaped and connects the uterus with the vagina in the female body.
There is no well-known cause, however, an association has been observed between the development of adenoid cystic carcinoma of the cervix and human papillomavirus infection.
Adenoid cystic carcinoma accounts for approximately less than 1% of all cervical cancers. It usually develops in females greater than 60 years of age.
Signs and Symptoms
The patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Pain in the hip or pelvic region
- Bleeding from the vagina after sexual intercourse
- Abnormal bleeding from the vagina between the two menstrual cycles
- Abnormal discharge from the vagina
- Enlargement of the uterus
Following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make the diagnosis. These are
- Complete blood count ( CBC)
- Imaging techniques like ultrasonography (USG), CT-scan, MRI, and X-Ray to detect the site, size, and extent of the tumour.
- Pelvic examination through per-speculum examination of the vagina, cervix, and ovaries. A speculum is a gynecological instrument used to visualize the vaginal wall, cervix, uterus, and ovaries to detect any abnormality.
- Serum tumour markers
Surgical resection (excision and removal of the tumour) of the tumour along with radiation therapy is the main treatment option.
What Support can we Give for Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the Cervix?
Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the Cervix is rare cancer, meaning it is not as well known as other forms of cancer. Without a Ribbon is an Australian organisation that provides support for individuals who suffer from rare cancers. So, we provide a designated platform for Warriors to obtain information specific to their Rare Cancer. We also provide annual opportunities for our Warriors to meet and learn from each other. If you suffer from rare cancer such as Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the Cervix, we can help and support you through your journey thanks to the generous donations we receive. Click the link below to sign up and become a Warrior today!
You can help us with your donation:
Without a Ribbon is a charity that works hard to aid those who suffer from rare cancers. You can help our cause in a variety of ways: