What is Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Penis?
Squamous cell carcinoma of the penis is a type of cancer that arises from flat, thin cells that are found in the tissues that form the surface of the skin, called squamous cells. These squamous cells are also found in the superficial tissues of the skin of the penis. Although squamous cell carcinoma of the penis can develop anywhere on the penis, it mostly occurs on the foreskin of the penis in uncircumcised men. Penile squamous cell carcinoma tends to grow slowly, so it shows a good prognosis (chances of recovery) if it is diagnosed at earlier stages. It mostly develops in males between the ages of 50-70 years.
There is no well-known cause, however along with certain hereditary and genetic mutations past infection with Human papillomavirus (HPV), HIV infection, poor genital hygiene; cigarette smoking, chronic bronchitis, and previous injury to the penis are the risk factor for the development of squamous cell carcinoma of the penis.
Signs and Symptoms
The patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- The affected area of the skin of the penis becomes thick
- Changes in the skin color
- Lump in the penis
- Red color rash under the foreskin of the penis
- Ulcer and redness on the affected area of the penis
- Itching and bleeding from the affected ulcerated area of the penis
- Foul-smelling discharge from the penis
- Pain in the affected area
The following diagnostic techniques and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis.
- Physical examination of the external genitalia and nearby lymph nodes (The doctor will see any possible signs of penile cancer on physical examination such as redness of the skin, ulcer on the penis, bleeding from an ulcer, and any other lump or mass in the genital region).
- Biopsy of the discolored or changed area of skin or lump present on the penis or genital area
- FNAC ( Fine needle aspiration cytology)
- Other diagnostic techniques to detect the site, size, and extent of the tumor are USG pelvis, X-ray, CT- Scan, MRI, and PET scan.
Surgical resection of the tumor area of the penis is the main method of treatment in cases where the tumor is localized at the site of its origin. In advanced stages, the entire part of the tumor may also be removed to stop it from spreading further to other areas of the body. If the tumor occupies a very small or very large area of the penis and surrounding tissues, other treatment options such as chemotherapy and radiation therapy may also be considered.
What Support can we Give for Penile Squamous Cell Carcinoma?
Penile Squamous Cell Carcinoma is rare cancer, meaning it is not as well known as other forms of cancer. Without a Ribbon is an Australian organisation that provides support for individuals who suffer from rare cancers. So, we provide a designated platform for Warriors to obtain information specific to their Rare Cancer. We also provide annual opportunities for our Warriors to meet and learn from each other. If you suffer from rare cancer such as Penile Squamous Cell Carcinoma, we can help and support you through your journey thanks to the generous donations we receive. Click the link below to sign up and become a Warrior today!
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