What is Plasmacytoma (Spinal Cord)?Plasmacytoma (spinal cord) is a type of spinal cord bone tumour that arises from plasma cells. Plasma cells are the white blood cells that produce antibodies. However, when plasma cells become cancerous, they can grow into tumours called plasmacytomas. Plasmacytoma (spinal cord) is a rare type of plasmacytoma that arises in the spinal cord. Plasmacytoma tumours can develop in any bone but usually, these tumours affect bones of the thoracic (middle region of the spinal cord) and lumbar (lower region of the spinal cord) spine. The mean age at the onset of the disease is 50 years. It is predominantly more common in males as compared to females.
Disease CausesPlasmacytoma (spinal cord) develops due to the uncontrolled division of normal plasma cells. This uncontrolled division can be due to hereditary or genetic mutations.
Signs and SymptomsThe patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Pain in the neck or back
- Pain in the arms and legs
- Pain, weakness, or numbness in the arms and legs
- Urine incontinence (occasional leakage of urine while coughing, sneezing, and laughing)
- Fecal incontinence (occasional leakage of stool while coughing and passing gas)
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are;
- Imaging techniques like Chest X-ray, CT-scan, MRI, and PET scan to see the site, size, and extent of the tumor.
- Tumour biopsy (tumour biopsy to remove a small sample of tissue for histopathological examination)
- USG-guided fine needle aspiration cytology