What is Mesothelioma of the Peritoneum?Peritoneal mesothelioma is a type of cancer that occurs when the asbestos fiber is inhaled or swallowed. The peritoneum is the term used to describe the thin layer of tissues or membrane that lines the inner cavity of the abdomen and covers its organs. The peritoneum is crucial in defending the organs against external pressure and damage. It also aids in keeping the hip and abdominal organs in their proper positions and offers lubricating fluid to lessen friction between the organs.
Disease CausesThe cause of peritoneal mesothelioma is exposure to inhaled or ingested particles or fibers of asbestos. It is equally common in males and females.
Signs and SymptomsThe patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Pain in the abdomen
- Distension of the abdomen
- Loss of appetite (hunger)
- Frequent need to go to the toilet to pass urine
- Unexplained weight loss
- Constant fever
- Excessive sweating at night
- Constant fatigue
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are
- USG of the abdomen and Pelvis
- Endoscopic examination of the anus, rectum, and large intestine. Endoscopy is a procedure that allows the doctor to visualize the internal organs of the body directly through the endoscope.
- Computed tomography (CT-abdomen and pelvis), PET-scan.
- Biopsy of the lesion/tumor and histopathological examination
- Blood test for CA-125 (CA-125 is a cancer marker that can indicate the presence of some cancers in the body if its level is greater).
- Barium meal USG to see upper and lower gastrointestinal tract (esophagus, stomach, intestine, and rectum)
- Biopsy of the tumor cells