What is Pericardial or Mediastinal Mesothelioma?Pericardial mesothelioma is a rare type of tumour that develops in the heart or pericardium, pericardium is a sac that encloses the heart and great vessels of the heart. It is a rare type of tumor and accounts for only 0.7% of all mesothelioma tumours. It is more common in people between the ages of 50-70 years.
Disease CausesAsbestos exposure is a known cause of pericardial mesothelioma.
Signs and SymptomsThe patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Pain in the chest
- Difficulty in breathing
- Constant fatigue
- Irregular heartbeat
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are;
- Imaging techniques like Chest X-ray, CT-scan, MRI, and PET scan to see the site, size, and extent of the tumour.
- Tumour biopsy (tumour biopsy to remove a small sample of tissue for histopathological examination)
- Sputum cytology
- USG-guided fine needle aspiration cytology