What is Malignant Mixed Mullerian Tumour of the Cervix?Malignant Müllerian mixed tumor is a very rare type of cervical tumor with general symptoms of abnormal vaginal bleeding, abdominal pain along with a tumor or mass in the cervix, vagina, or uterus. It usually develops in older women after menopause (permanent cessation of menstruation in women aged 51), but it can also develop in younger women.
Disease CausesThere is no well-known cause, however certain hereditary and genetic mutations are considered responsible for the development malignant mixed mullerian tumor of the cervix.
Signs and SymptomsThe common signs and symptoms are:
- Bleeding from the vagina after sexual intercourse
- Abnormal bleeding from the vagina between the two menstrual cycles
- Abnormal watery discharge from the vagina with the smell
- Pain in the pelvic region or lower part of the abdomen during the sexual intercourse
- Pain while passing urine
- Unexplained weight loss
- Excessive sweating at night
DiagnosisFollowing diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make the diagnosis. These are
- Complete blood count ( CBC)
- Serum tumor markers
- Imaging techniques like trans-vaginal ultrasonography (USG), CT-scan, MRI, and X-Ray to detect the site, size, and extent of the tumor.
- Pelvic examination through per- speculum examination of the vagina, cervix, and ovaries. A speculum is a gynecological instrument used to visualize the vaginal wall, cervix, uterus, and ovaries to detect any abnormality.
- Pap smear
- Tumor biopsy