What is Basal cell Carcinoma of Lung?
Basal cell carcinoma of the lung is a rare type of lung cancer that occurs due to a precancerous lesion of the airways of the lungs, it exhibits characteristics of the basal cells of the airways (trachea, bronchi and bronchioles). Basal cells are the parent cells of the epithelial cells that make up the inner lining of the airways, i.e. the trachea, bronchi and bronchioles. Basaloid cell lung cancer has a poor prognosis (probable course of the disease). It tends to spread to other distant parts of the body. Older people are more likely to develop basaloid cell carcinoma of lung.
There is no well-known cause, however, certain genetic mutations are considered responsible for the development of basaloid cell carcinoma of the lungs. Along with the genetic mutations, an association has been observed between cigarette smoking and the development of basaloid cell carcinoma of lungs.
General Respiratory Symptoms of the Basaloid cell Carcinoma of Lung
- Persistent cough
- Dyspnea (shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing)
- Chest pain that worsens with coughing, laughing and breathing deeply
- Coughing up blood
- Wheezing without having an asthma history
- Clubbing of the fingers and nails (A physical sign characterized by a bulging extension at the ends of one or more fingers or toes).
The following are the general B symptoms (systemic symptoms) of the basaloid cell carcinoma lungs when it spreads to other organs of the body. These are
- Night sweats
- Weight loss
- Bone pains
Diagnosis and Treatment
The following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are;
- Imaging techniques like Chest X-ray, CT-scan, MRI, and PET scan to see the site, size, and extent of the tumour.
- Tumour biopsy ( lung tumour biopsy to remove a small sample of lung tissue for histopathological examination)
- Sputum cytology
- USG guided fine needle aspiration cytology
Treatment options includesurgical resection of the tumour, Chemotherapy, Radiotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy. Surgery is the main option, all patients with stages I carcinoma of the lung should undergo surgical resection of the tumour (complete removal of the tumour along with the removal of some surrounding healthy tissues). Chemotherapy and radiotherapy should be considered in advanced cases of cancer.
What Support can we Give for Basal cell Carcinoma of Lung?
Basal cell Carcinoma of Lung is rare cancer, meaning it is not as well known as other forms of cancer. Without a Ribbon is an Australian organisation that provides support for individuals who suffer from rare cancers. So, we provide a designated platform for Warriors to obtain information specific to their Rare Cancer. We also provide annual opportunities for our Warriors to meet and learn from each other. If you suffer from rare cancer such as Basal cell Carcinoma of Lung, we can help and support you through your journey thanks to the generous donations we receive. Click the link below to sign up and become a Warrior today!
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Without a Ribbon is a charity that works hard to aid those who suffer from rare cancers. You can help our cause in a variety of ways: