What is Adenocarcinoma of the Ovary?
Adenocarcinoma of the ovary is a rare type of tumour that originates from the epithelial cells or germ cells of the ovary. It accounts for less than 5% of all ovarian cancers. As compared to the other cancers of the ovary that originate from the epithelial cells of the ovary, adenocarcinoma of the ovary shows a poor prognosis (the likely course of the disease).
There is no well-known cause; however, nulliparity (that is a female of reproductive age who has not given birth to a child) and previous or current history of endometriosis is considered a major risk factor for the development of adenocarcinoma of the ovary. Endometriosis is a painful gynecological disorder in which a tissue that lines the inner side of the uterus grows outside of the uterus. Moreover, a mutation (a change in the normal sequence of DNA or genetic material of the human cells) in the P53 genes is considered a cause of the development of ovarian cancers.
Signs and Symptoms
The patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Pain in the right lower part of the abdomen
- Distension of the abdomen
- Large mass or tumour in the abdomen or pelvis (hip bone region)
- Swelling or lump in the abdomen or pelvic region
- Pain, pressure, or feeling of fullness in the abdomen(belly)
Following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make the diagnosis. These are
- Complete blood count ( CBC)
- Serum tumour markers
- Imaging techniques like ultrasonography (USG), CT-scan, MRI, and X-Ray to detect the site, size, and extent of the tumour.
- Pelvic examination through per-speculum examination of the vagina, cervix, and ovaries. A speculum is a gynecological instrument used to visualize the vaginal wall, cervix, uterus, and ovaries to detect any abnormality.
Surgical removal of the tumour is the first-line treatment for localized ovarian tumours. Ovarian adenocarcinoma shows poor treatment response to platinum-based chemotherapy.
What Support can we Give for Adenocarcinoma of the Ovary?
Adenocarcinoma of the Ovary is rare cancer, meaning it is not as well known as other forms of cancer. Without a Ribbon is an Australian organisation that provides support for individuals who suffer from rare cancers. So, we provide a designated platform for Warriors to obtain information specific to their Rare Cancer. We also provide annual opportunities for our Warriors to meet and learn from each other. If you suffer from rare cancer such as Adenocarcinoma of the Ovary, we can help and support you through your journey thanks to the generous donations we receive. Click the link below to sign up and become a Warrior today!
You can help us with your donation:
Without a Ribbon is a charity that works hard to aid those who suffer from rare cancers. You can help our cause in a variety of ways: