What is Acinar Adenocarcinoma of Lungs?
Acinar adenocarcinoma lung is a subtype of cancer that arises from mucus-producing glandular cells in the lung; these cancer cells form the inner layer of the acini and tubules of the lungs instead of the normal cells that form the acini and tubules of the lungs. It is a common type of lung cancer in Europe and Japan. The prognosis (likely course of the disease) of diseases is unfavourable; 5-year survival is approximately 16-22%. Lungs are the organs of the respiratory system that complete the process of breathing or respiration of a person. The human body has a pair of lungs on either side of the chest; these are spongy organs filled with air. Inhaled air enters the lungs through the trachea (breathing tube), which divides into bronchioles, these bronchioles then further divide into tiny tubules and air-filled sacs called alveoli. Gas exchange takes place in the alveoli.
There is no definite well-known cause. However, certain genetic mutations (alteration or deletion in normal genes or chromosomes) and long-term cigarette smoking are potential risk factors for the development of acinar adenocarcinoma lungs.
Signs and Symptoms
General respiratory symptoms of acinar adenocarcinoma lung
- Persistent cough
- Dyspnea (shortness of breath or difficulty in breathing)
- Chest pain that worsens with coughing, laughing and breathing deeply
- Coughing up blood
- Wheezing without having an asthma history
- Clubbing of the fingers and nails (A physical sign characterized by a bulging extension at the ends of one or more fingers or toes).
The following are the general B symptoms (systemic symptoms) of acinar adenocarcinoma lungs when it spreads to other organs of the body. These are
- Night sweats
- Weight loss
- Bone pains
Diagnosis and Treatment
The following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are;
- Imaging techniques like Chest X-ray, CT-scan, MRI, and PET scan to see the site, size, and extent of the tumour.
- Tumour biopsy ( lung tumour biopsy to remove a small sample of lung tissue for histopathological examination)
- Sputum cytology
- USG guided fine needle aspiration cytology
Treatment options includesurgical resection of the tumour, Chemotherapy, Radiotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy. Surgery is the main option, all patients with stages I adenosquamous carcinoma of the lung should undergo surgical resection of the tumour (complete removal of the tumour along with the removal of some surrounding healthy tissues). Chemotherapy and radiotherapy should be considered in advanced cases of cancer.
What Support can we Give for Acinar Adenocarcinoma Lung?
Acinar Adenocarcinoma Lung is rare cancer, meaning it is not as well known as other forms of cancer. Without a Ribbon is an Australian organisation that provides support for individuals who suffer from rare cancers. So, we provide a designated platform for Warriors to obtain information specific to their Rare Cancer. We also provide annual opportunities for our Warriors to meet and learn from each other. If you suffer from rare cancer such as Acinar Adenocarcinoma Lung, we can help and support you through your journey thanks to the generous donations we receive. Click the link below to sign up and become a Warrior today!
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