What is Thymic Carcinoma?Thymic carcinoma is a type of cancer that develops due to the unnecessary multiplication or division of cells in the thymus gland of the body. The thymus gland is a small gland of the lymphatic system, it plays role in producing and maturing white blood cells, particularly T-lymphocytes. The thymus gland lies above the chest and under the breast bone. White blood cells provide a defense to the body by fighting against foreign particles, viruses, and bacteria, thus preventing the body from bacterial and viral infections.
Disease CausesThere is no well-known cause, however, certain hereditary and genetic diseases such as myasthenia gravis and paraneoplastic disease are considered responsible for the development of thymic carcinoma.
Signs and SymptomsThe patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Difficulty in breathing
- Persistent cough
- Pain in the chest
- Hoarse voice
- Swelling of the face, arms, and upper parts of the body
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic tests are used to make a diagnosis. These are
- Physical Examination: On physical examination, the neck and chest are examined to find out any unusual lump or mass in the neck or chest region.
- Imaging techniques like Chest X-ray, CT-scan, MRI, and PET scan to see the site, size, and extent of the tumor.
- Tumor biopsy (tumor biopsy to remove a small sample of tissue for histopathological examination)
- Sputum cytology
- USG-guided fine needle aspiration cytology