What is testicular mixed embryonal carcinoma and Teratoma?Testicular mixed embryonal carcinoma and teratoma is a type of mixed germ cell cancer that arises from the testis. It is identified by the presence of a mixture of embryonal cancer tissues, teratomatous components, and seminomatous components in histopathology.
Disease CausesThere is no known cause, but it is thought that certain genetic and hereditary mutations, as well as exposure to certain environmental factors, can cause the development of testicular mixed embryonal carcinoma and teratoma.
Signs and Symptoms
- Painless enlargement of the testes
- Swelling of the testes
- Palpable (felt able, touchable mass in the testes) in the scrotum)
- The feeling of heaviness in the testes
- Enlargement of breasts in males
- Pain in the back or groin region
- Change in the size or shape of the testes
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are
- A physical examination of the pelvic area (hip) to see unusual changes in the scrotum, to asses any mass or lump in this area
- Imaging tests like scrotal ultrasonography (USG), CT-scan testis, CT-scan abdomen, CT scan chest, and brain to detect the tumor size, site and metastasis.
- Tumour Biopsy