What is a Desmoids Tumor?A desmoid tumor is an abnormal growth arising from the connective tissues of the body. Connective tissues are tissues that provide strength and flexibility to bones, ligaments, and muscles. It usually develops as a single tumor, but cases of multiple desmoids tumors have also been reported.
What is a Testicular Desmoids Tumor?A desmoid testicular tumor is a tumor that arises from the connective tissue of the testis and the spermatic cord. This is a benign (non-malignant) tumor that does not spread to other parts of the body but can invade the underlying tissues of the affected area. Testicular desmoid tumors also tend to recur after surgical removal of the tumor.
Disease Etiology (Causes)There are no well-known causes, however, certain genetic mutations (defective alterations in genes) in the beta-catenin and adenomatosis polyposis coli are considered responsible for the development of a testicular desmoid cyst.
Signs and SymptomsThe patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- A hard mass or lump in the scrotum or testis
- Pain in the pelvic region
- Swelling of the testicular, scrotal region
- In advanced stages, it can deteriorate the urinary and reproductive functions of the body
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic techniques and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis these are
- Complete blood count (CBC)
- Diagnostic imaging techniques such as USG, CT-scan, MRI, and PET scan can be used to detect the site, size, and extent of the tumor.
- Tumor biopsy