What is superficial spreading Melanoma of the skin?
Superficial spreading melanoma of the skin is a type of skin cancer that develops due to the uncontrolled growth of melanin-producing cells called melanocytes. Melanocytes are the type of cells responsible for the production of melanin; melanin is a pigment that gives color to the skin. Superficial melanoma of the skin develops in the melanin-producing cells of the outermost layer of the skin called the epidermis. It starts in the outermost layer of the skin but usually goes down and invades the deeper layers of the skin. It is usually developed in fair skin people. It commonly affects an adult population of any age.
There is no well-known cause; however certain hereditary and genetic mutations along with prolonged exposure to the ultraviolet rays of the sun, and spending more time in tanning beds are potential risk factors for the development of superficial spreading melanoma.
Signs and symptoms
The patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Black or brown colored flat spot on the skin of irregular shape
- Or sometimes black or bluish color raised area appears on the skin which is of irregular shape or margin
The following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are
- Physical examination of the skin to see the site, size, and extent of the tumor
- Dermoscopy (the examination of a skin lesion with a dermo-scope)
- Biopsy of the lesion and histopathology
- Imaging tests such as X-ray, USG, CT-Scan, and MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) of the head neck, arm, legs, and chest to see the extent of the lesion or tumor.
Surgical removal of the tumor is the main treatment option. Other treatment options are radiation therapy and chemotherapy.
What Support can we Give for Superficial Spreading Melanoma?
Superficial Spreading Melanoma is rare cancer, meaning it is not as well known as other forms of cancer. Without a Ribbon is an Australian organisation that provides support for individuals who suffer from rare cancers. So, we provide a designated platform for Warriors to obtain information specific to their Rare Cancer. We also provide annual opportunities for our Warriors to meet and learn from each other. If you suffer from rare cancer such as Superficial Spreading Melanoma, we can help and support you through your journey thanks to the generous donations we receive. Click the link below to sign up and become a Warrior today!
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Without a Ribbon is a charity that works hard to aid those who suffer from rare cancers. You can help our cause in a variety of ways: