What is Struma Ovari?
Struma Ovari is a rare type of ovarian tumour that accounts for only 1% of all ovarian tumours. It develops due to abnormal growth of thyroid tissue in the ovaries or any other part of the abdomen or pelvis. In most cases, the tumour is benign (non-cancerous), but the tumour also tends to spread to other parts of the body. It usually develops in women between the ages of 40 and 60 and does not occur before the onset of puberty. The overall 5-year survival rate is 96%.
What are Ovaries?
The ovaries are an important part of the human reproductive system. The ovaries are small glands located on either side of the uterus through a tubular structure called the fallopian tubes. The ovaries produce eggs and hormones in females. These eggs are used for producing offspring.
There is no well-known cause. However, certain genetic mutations and chromosomal disorders are also responsible for the development of struma ovari.
Signs and Symptoms
The patients may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Pain in the abdomen
- Palpable (felt able) mass in the abdomen
- Abnormal bleeding from the vagina other than menstrual bleeding
- Ascites ( Abnormal collection of fluid in spaces within the abdomen which cause distension of the abdomen)
Following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make the diagnosis. These are
- Complete blood count ( CBC)
- Serum tumour markers
- Imaging techniques like ultrasonography (USG), CT-scan, MRI, and X-Ray to detect the site, size, and extent of the tumour.
- Pelvic examination through per-speculum examination of the vagina, cervix, and ovaries. A speculum is a gynecological instrument used to visualize the vaginal wall, cervix, uterus, and ovaries to detect any abnormality.
Surgical resection (surgical removal of tumour tissue) of the tumour along with radioiodine therapy is the main treatment option.
What Support can we Give for Struma Ovari?
Struma Ovari is rare cancer, meaning it is not as well known as other forms of cancer. Without a Ribbon is an Australian organisation that provides support for individuals who suffer from rare cancers. So, we provide a designated platform for Warriors to obtain information specific to their Rare Cancer. We also provide annual opportunities for our Warriors to meet and learn from each other. If you suffer from rare cancer such as Struma Ovari, we can help and support you through your journey thanks to the generous donations we receive. Click the link below to sign up and become a Warrior today!
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Without a Ribbon is a charity that works hard to aid those who suffer from rare cancers. You can help our cause in a variety of ways: