What is Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Stomach?
Squamous cell carcinoma of the stomach is an incredibly rare form of stomach cancer that originates from squamous cells. These cells are thin and flat, often forming the surface layer of the skin as well as the linings of various body organs such as the mouth, throat, and stomach. While SCC is more frequently found in organs like the skin, lungs, and esophagus, it’s quite unusual to see it developing in the stomach.
The symptoms of squamous cell carcinoma of the stomach are not very different from those observed in other types of gastric cancers. These might include:
- Uncomfortable indigestion that persists
- Unexplained weight loss
- Pain in the stomach
- Nausea and vomiting
- Difficulty in swallowing
- Feeling of fullness after eating small amounts
- Anemia or jaundice
Disease Aetiology (Causes)
The causes of squamous cell carcinoma of the stomach remain unclear. It is believed to stem from a complex interaction of genetic and environmental factors. Known risk factors associated with gastric cancers include infection with Helicobacter pylori, consumption of a diet high in salty and smoked foods, tobacco and alcohol use, and certain inherited conditions.
Diagnosis of squamous cell carcinoma of the stomach can involve:
- Obtaining a thorough medical history and conducting a physical examination
- Performing an endoscopy to visualize the stomach lining and take tissue samples (biopsy) for testing
- Conducting imaging tests such as a CT scan, PET scan or MRI to determine the extent of the disease
- Conducting blood tests, including a complete blood count and tests for tumour markers
Typical treatments for squamous cell carcinoma of the stomach can include:
- Surgery: Depending on the stage of the disease, surgery could involve removing part or all of the stomach, as well as nearby lymph nodes.
- Chemotherapy: This treatment is designed to kill cancer cells and is often used in combination with surgery.
- Radiation Therapy: This treatment involves using high-energy rays to kill cancer cells, often used together with chemotherapy.
- Targeted Therapy: These are drugs designed to specifically target cancer cells, causing less harm to normal cells.
What Support can we Give for Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Stomach?
Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Stomach is rare cancer, meaning it is not as well known as other forms of cancer. Without a Ribbon is an Australian organisation that provides support for individuals who suffer from rare cancers. So, we provide a designated platform for Warriors to obtain information specific to their Rare Cancer. We also provide annual opportunities for our Warriors to meet and learn from each other. If you suffer from rare cancer such as Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Stomach, we can help and support you through your journey thanks to the generous donations we receive. Click the link below to sign up and become a Warrior today!
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Without a Ribbon is a charity that works hard to aid those who suffer from rare cancers. You can help our cause in a variety of ways: