What is Spinal Cord Anaplastic Oligodendroglioma?Anaplastic oligodendroglioma of the spinal cord is a rare type of cancer that originates from the abnormal growth of oligodendrocytes of the spinal cord. Oligodendrocytes are the cells that form a protective layer around the nerve cells and transmit impulses from the brain and spinal cord to the rest of the body.
Disease CausesThere is no well-known cause, however, certain hereditary and genetic mutations are considered responsible for the development of anaplastic oligodendroglioma of the spinal cord. Moreover, prolonged exposure to ultraviolet rays, certain chemicals, ionizing radiation or poor diet, and prolonged stressful conditions can trigger these hereditary and genetic tendencies that are responsible for the development of anaplastic astrocytoma of the spinal cord.
Signs and SymptomsThe symptoms of anaplastic oligodendroglioma of the brain depend upon the site, size, and extent of the tumour. Most of the symptoms develop due to the increased pressure of the tumour on the deep and nearby parts of the brain. Anaplastic oligodendroglioma of the spinal cord develops over a prolonged period but grows rapidly. The common symptoms are
- Constant headache
- Constant feeling of tiredness
- Altered level of consciousness
- Blurred vision
- Difficulty in walking and writing
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are;
- Imaging techniques like Chest X-ray, CT-scan, MRI, and PET scan to see the site, size, and extent of the tumour.
- Tumour biopsy (tumour biopsy to remove a small sample of tissue for histopathological examination)
- USG-guided fine needle aspiration cytology