What is Serous Surface Papillary Carcinoma of the Ovary?Serous surface papillary carcinoma of the ovary is a rare type of tumour and can be benign (malignant) or malignant (benign). The five-year survival rate is 90%. Malignant serous superficial papillary carcinoma tends to metastasize (spread of the tumour from its site of origin to other parts of the body) into the abdominal cavity and nearby lymph nodes. The tumor can affect one or both ovaries.
Disease CausesThere is no well-known cause; However, Certain hereditary and genetic mutations (faulty alterations in the genes) are believed to be responsible for the development of serous surface papillary carcinoma.
Signs and Symptoms
- A palpable (felt able) solid, painless mass in the pelvic region or lower part of the abdomen
- The patient can also suffer from heavy menstrual bleeding or irregular menstrual bleeding.
- Pain in the abdomen
- Distention of the abdomen (ascites)
DiagnosisFollowing diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make the diagnosis. These are
- Complete blood count ( CBC)
- Serum tumour markers
- Imaging techniques like ultrasonography (USG), CT-scan, MRI, and X-Ray to detect the site, size, and extent of the tumour.
- Pelvic examination through per-speculum examination of the vagina, cervix, and ovaries. A speculum is a gynecological instrument used to visualize the vaginal wall, cervix, uterus, and ovaries to detect any abnormality.