What is Rhabdoid Tumour (Spinal Cord)?Rhabdoid tumour (spinal cord) is a rare type of tumour that consists of various types of tumour cells, i.e., strata of rhomboid (muscle cell) tumour cells, primitive nerve cells, and mesenchymal spindle-shaped tumour cells. It is a high-grade tumour with a median survival of 6 months with treatment. Rhabdoid tumour (spinal cord) is more common in children and infants (children under 1 year of age).
Disease CausesThere is no well-known cause; however, children who have genetic disorders (a disease that develops due to faulty changes in genes) such as Li-Fraumeni syndrome and neurofibromatosis have a greater risk of developing rhabdoid tumours.
Signs and SymptomsThe patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Pain in the back
- Weakness and numbness of the legs
- Urine incontinence (occasional leakage of urine while coughing, sneezing, and laughing)
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are;
- Imaging techniques like Chest X-ray, CT-scan, MRI, and PET scan to see the site, size, and extent of the tumour.
- Tumour biopsy (tumour biopsy to remove a small sample of tissue for histopathological examination)
- USG-guided fine needle aspiration cytology