What is a Primitive Neuroectodermal Tumor of The Brain?This tumor develops from primitive neuroepithelial cells that are present in the brain, spinal cord, muscles, and bones of the body; these are the cells of embryonic life that form the brain and spinal cord. A primitive neuroectodermal brain tumor usually develops in children. The five-year survival rate with treatment is not more than 35%.
Disease Etiology (Causes)Certain genetic mutations (faulty changes in the genes) are responsible for the development of primitive neuroectodermal tumors.
Signs and SymptomsThe patient may suffer from the following signs and symptoms. These are
- Morning Headache
- Repeated episodes of vomiting
- Unsteady or stumbling gait
- Double vision
- Frequent falls
- Involuntary eye movements
DiagnosisThe following diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make a diagnosis. These are
- Imaging tests such as X-Ray, CT-scan (computerized tomography), PET-scan (Positron emission tomography) help detect the site, size, and location of the tumor.
- Tumor biopsy and histopathological examination