What is Ovarian Undifferentiated Carcinoma?Ovarian Undifferentiated Carcinoma is a very rare cancer. Among all types of ovarian cancer, 5% of ovarian cancers are non-specific and very difficult to classify, and the patient usually presents with a tumour that has spread to the pelvic region from its site of origin. It is often difficult to remove this disseminated pelvic tumour. Undifferentiated ovarian carcinoma is usually solid, widespread, and affects both ovaries. The average age at the development of undifferentiated ovarian carcinoma is 54 years, ranging from 39 to 72 years. It shows a poor prognosis (the likely course of the disease) with treatment.
What are Ovaries?The ovaries are an important part of the human reproductive system. The ovaries are small glands located on either side of the uterus through a tubular structure called the fallopian tubes. The ovaries produce eggs and hormones in females. These eggs are used for producing offspring.
Disease CausesThere is no well-known cause; However, Certain hereditary and genetic mutations (faulty alterations in the genes) are believed to be responsible for the development of germ-cell ovarian cancer.
Signs and Symptoms
- A palpable (felt able) solid, mass in the pelvic region or lower part of the abdomen
- The patient can also suffer from heavy menstrual bleeding or irregular menstrual bleeding.
- Pain or discomfort in the abdomen
DiagnosisFollowing diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make the diagnosis. These are
- Complete blood count ( CBC)
- Serum tumour markers
- Imaging techniques like ultrasonography (USG), CT-scan, MRI, and X-Ray to detect the site, size, and extent of the tumour.
- Pelvic examination through per-speculum examination of the vagina, cervix, and ovaries. A speculum is a gynecological instrument used to visualize the vaginal wall, cervix, uterus, and ovaries to detect any abnormality.