What is Ovarian Thecoma or Thecoma of the Ovary?Ovarian thecoma is a rare type of benign (non-cancerous) tumour that accounts for approximately 1% of benign ovarian tumours. It is a benign tumour that usually secretes the hormone estrogen and, less commonly, androgen. In most cases, the diameter of the tumour is 5-10 cm. In most cases, it develops in one ovary. Any woman of any age can develop it. However, cases of ovarian thecoma in children and adolescents are extremely rare. And most common cases of ovarian thecoma are found in post-menopausal women. These tumours are usually benign and do not spread to other parts of the body.
What are Ovaries?The ovaries are an important part of the human reproductive system. The ovaries are small glands located on either side of the uterus through a tubular structure called the fallopian tubes. The ovaries produce eggs and hormones in females. These eggs are used for producing offspring.
Disease CausesThere is no well-known cause; However, Certain hereditary and genetic mutations (faulty alterations in the genes) are believed to be responsible for the development of ovarian Thecoma.
Signs and Symptoms
- A palpable (felt able) solid, painless mass in the pelvic region or lower part of the abdomen
- In Androgen secreting ovarian the coma patient can develop masculine features such as the development of muscles, development of excessive hair on the body, enlargement of the clitoris and a hoarse voice.
- The patient can also suffer from heavy menstrual bleeding or irregular menstrual bleeding.
DiagnosisFollowing diagnostic tests and procedures can be used to make the diagnosis. These are
- Complete blood count ( CBC)
- Serum tumour markers
- Imaging techniques like ultrasonography (USG), CT-scan, MRI, and X-Ray to detect the site, size, and extent of the tumour.
- Pelvic examination through per-speculum examination of the vagina, cervix, and ovaries. A speculum is a gynecological instrument used to visualize the vaginal wall, cervix, uterus, and ovaries to detect any abnormality.